Host- and Domain-Level Web Graphs October, November/December 2021 and January 2022

We are pleased to announce a new release of host-level and domain-level web graphs based on the crawls of October, November/December 2021 and January 2022. Additional information about the data formats, the processing pipeline, our objectives, and credits can be found in the announcements of prior webgraph releases. You may also visit the projects cc-webgraph and cc-pyspark which include all scripts and tools required to construct the graphs. Instructions to explore the graphs in the webgraph format are given in our collection of webgraph notebooks.

Host-level graph

The graph consists of 384 million nodes and 2.47 billion edges. Both hyperlinks and HTTP redirects and link headers are used as edges to span up the graph. All types of links are included, including pure “technical” ones pointing to images, JavaScript libraries, web fonts, etc. However, only host names with a valid IANA TLD are used. Consequently, URLs with an IP address as host component are not taken into account for building the host-level graph.

There are 326 million dangling nodes (84.6%) and the largest strongly connected component contains 45.2 million (11.7%) nodes. Dangling nodes stem from

  • hosts that have not been crawled, yet are pointed to from a link on a crawled page
  • hosts without any links pointing to a different host name
  • or hosts which did only return an error page (eg. HTTP 404)

Host names in the graph are in reverse domain name notation and a leading www. is stripped: www.subdomain.example.com becomes com.example.subdomain.

You can download the graph and the ranks of all 766 million hosts from AWS S3 on the path s3://commoncrawl/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan/host/ (this requires an account on AWS). Alternatively, you can use https://data.commoncrawl.org/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan/host/ as prefix to access the files from everywhere.

Please note that the text representation of the host-level graph is shipped in 96 gzip-compressed files listed in two path listings – one for the nodes (vertices), one for the edges (arcs). First, download the paths listing and decompress it using “gzip -d” or “gunzip”. By adding the prefix s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line in the path listing you get the list of URLs to download the entire graph.

Download files of the Common Crawl Oct/Nov/Jan 2021-2022 host-level webgraph

SizeFileDescription
2.66 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host-vertices.paths.gznodes ⟨id, rev host⟩, paths of 32 vertices files
11.76 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host-edges.paths.gzedges ⟨from_id, to_id⟩, paths of 64 edges files
5.32 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host.graphgraph in BVGraph format
2 kBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host.properties
5.78 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host-t.graphtranspose of the graph (outlinks inverted to inlinks)
2 kBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host-t.properties
1 kBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host.statsWebGraph statistics
6.38 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-host-ranks.txt.gzharmonic centrality and pagerank

Domain-level graph

The domain graph is built by aggregating the host graph on the level of pay-level domains (PLDs) based on the public suffix list maintained on publicsuffix.org. Version (commit) 68b67d3 of the public suffix list was used (commit date 2022-03-04).

The domain-level graph has 90 million nodes and 1.55 billion edges. 50% or 45 million nodes are dangling nodes, the largest strongly connected component covers 36 million or 40% of the nodes.

All files related to the domain graph are available on AWS S3 under s3://commoncrawl/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan/domain/ or on https://data.commoncrawl.org/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan/domain/.

Download files of the Common Crawl Oct/Nov/Jan 2021-2022 domain-level webgraph

SizeFileDescription
0.62 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain-vertices.txt.gznodes ⟨id, rev domain, num hosts⟩
6.36 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain-edges.txt.gzedges ⟨from_id, to_id⟩
3.65 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain.graphgraph in BVGraph format
2 kBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain.properties
3.53 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain-t.graphtranspose of the graph
2 kBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain-t.properties
1 kBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain.statsWebGraph statistics
1.93 GBcc-main-2021-22-oct-nov-jan-domain-ranks.txt.gzharmonic centrality and pagerank

Below you’ll find the top 1000 domains ranked by Harmonic Centrality or PageRank. The full list of all 90 million domain ranks is available for download.

Top 1000 domains ranked by harmonic centrality (Oct/Nov/Jan 2020-2021)

harmonic
centrality
rank
hc valuepage rankpage rank
value
reversed domain name
13144841810.017921com.googleapis
23010508630.013006com.facebook
32899172620.014028com.google
42623388660.007154org.w
52623015240.008081com.twitter
62586499480.006261com.youtube
72532525070.006558com.instagram
82466516050.007716com.googletagmanager
92409722490.004716org.gmpg
1023219788110.003948com.gstatic
1123145196130.003418com.linkedin
1222256010100.004364com.cloudflare
1321953630170.001942com.gravatar
1421841462210.001594com.pinterest
1521786278140.003223org.wordpress
1621441268250.001417org.wikipedia
1721311496160.002057com.apple
1821176702330.001077com.wordpress
1921045484320.001141com.vimeo
2021032900150.002070com.bootstrapcdn
2120995456410.000913be.youtu
2220796928180.001658com.jquery
2320726342280.001191com.microsoft
2420673758450.000789com.blogspot
2520634464230.001451io.polyfill
2620617114470.000775gl.goo
2720589400490.000736com.amazon
2820486426640.000550ly.bit
2920476754290.001178com.wixstatic
3020455806500.000729com.wp
3120452992220.001551net.cloudfront
3220445298400.000962com.amazonaws
3320410144430.000863org.mozilla
3420403210310.001162net.jsdelivr
3520395958510.000721eu.europa
3620389728370.000994com.google-analytics
3720343648200.001595com.fontawesome
3820336692910.000384com.tumblr
3920333242190.001648com.adobe
4020324398240.001421com.github
4120181488750.000480com.googleusercontent
4220150384550.000684com.flickr
43201227581040.000326com.yahoo
4420112952570.000670com.paypal
4520106820480.000752io.github
46201027501060.000314com.reddit
47200600461170.000268com.soundcloud
4820049174380.000966com.googlesyndication
4920043166810.000425com.medium
5020007290530.000703org.w3
51199947101270.000231com.nytimes
5219974404620.000611co.t
53199561441020.000338com.weebly
54199556061140.000277com.spotify
5519925440580.000656com.whatsapp
5619906786340.001038ru.yandex
5719901846850.000401org.creativecommons
58198942141360.000208org.archive
59198708461830.000139com.cnn
6019863762630.000608org.schema
6119855684600.000645com.addthis
62198513441460.000194com.forbes
63198365822030.000127uk.co.bbc
6419834544700.000513com.shopify
65198117582340.000113com.washingtonpost
6619808664690.000523com.vk
67198048621850.000138com.bing
68198036221470.000193gov.cdc
69198029141570.000172int.who
7019798680920.000383me.wp
7119780956440.000809net.doubleclick
72197607381410.000201gov.nih
7319749646590.000649com.macromedia
7419748198710.000506com.unpkg
75197476642600.000103net.researchgate
76197341102520.000106com.wsj
77197331522930.000093edu.stanford
78197316742320.000115com.imdb
79197247601880.000134org.wikimedia
8019712934390.000965net.fbcdn
81197009582060.000124com.businessinsider
82196901141430.000200com.dropbox
83196878202840.000095edu.mit
84196830601000.000363com.list-manage
85196823383080.000089com.tinyurl
8619665976270.001204org.apache
87196574461630.000157com.theguardian
88196514582990.000092com.android
89196477684450.000067com.quora
90196430181650.000156org.doi
91196365943280.000085com.go
92196298262400.000109com.bloomberg
93196297622740.000098edu.harvard
94196274445010.000060com.msn
95196258701640.000157com.issuu
96196256462540.000106com.oracle
97196246783440.000083com.springer
98196219461490.000190com.wixsite
99196151821400.000203us.zoom
100196124841310.000220com.npmjs
101196088121110.000294me.t
102196083143340.000084com.slack
103196023541240.000241com.mailchimp
104195961922440.000108com.stackoverflow
105195923123030.000091com.reuters
106195878003210.000087com.techcrunch
107195861925050.000059com.myspace
108195861262410.000109com.twimg
109195842381660.000155com.giphy
110195839082920.000093com.example
11119577384520.000709com.fb
112195767261670.000153com.yelp
113195760201690.000151com.office
114195725023410.000083com.prnewswire
115195679661900.000133com.unsplash
116195644921080.000309de.google
117195610163000.000091com.wiley
11819555072460.000785net.facebook
119195525102680.000101org.un
120195490982560.000105com.sciencedirect
121195481624890.000061com.latimes
122195475085940.000050com.livejournal
123195474521450.000196gle.forms
124195443004660.000063uk.co.telegraph
125195436904020.000078com.nature
126195423843400.000083org.npr
127195414204840.000062com.ted
128195353325140.000057edu.berkeley
129195331066470.000046com.vice
130195313282370.000110org.gnu
131195297981980.000130org.ietf
132195278527140.000042uk.ac.cam
133195249384340.000071com.time
134195223822890.000094com.bbc
135195174604970.000060com.goodreads
136195136164120.000076org.arxiv
137195100343060.000090com.cnbc
138195081841440.000197com.ytimg
139194922067000.000043edu.columbia
140194836424330.000071com.sagepub
141194759081530.000186com.ft
142194745921730.000149org.acm
143194733163230.000086com.githubusercontent
144194731324380.000069com.cnet
145194680421200.000254com.youtube-nocookie
146194585404090.000077com.wired
147194556342050.000125com.imgur
148194542105180.000057uk.co.dailymail
149194496282020.000127com.blogger
15019448116790.000459com.godaddy
15119443158260.001330cn.gov.miit
152194377583430.000083com.theverge
153194355685090.000058edu.yale
154194342361710.000150org.ampproject
155194264464720.000063com.nationalgeographic
156194232522810.000096com.squarespace
157194198808040.000037org.chromium
158194165306960.000043uk.ac.ox
159194131384880.000061com.googleblog
160194078484580.000064gov.whitehouse
161194076143040.000090com.usatoday
162194072284990.000060com.staticflickr
163194070668290.000036com.evernote
164194047341920.000131com.hubspot
165194044144760.000062org.ieee
166194023985870.000051org.worldbank
167194020044070.000077com.dribbble
168194002141320.000219com.statcounter
169193997965120.000058ee.linktr
170193993585270.000056edu.cornell
171193955001230.000243com.sharethis
172193882465190.000057com.theatlantic
173193874544080.000077com.docker
174193851826730.000044com.git-scm
175193833042140.000122com.wpengine
176193830307970.000037org.sciencemag
177193817508110.000037com.arstechnica
178193814742750.000098gg.discord
179193812221590.000167com.zendesk
180193790422640.000101uk.co.google
181193766641380.000206me.line
182193735262460.000107uk.co.amazon
183193734486020.000050com.zdnet
184193721542390.000109net.slideshare
185193690463250.000086com.appspot
186193688667020.000042com.economist
187193686207370.000041org.cambridge
188193681125710.000052com.cisco
189193671447920.000038edu.washington
190193663446480.000046org.weforum
191193617606680.000044com.box
192193616926240.000047org.pbs
193193562204790.000062org.python
194193556044360.000070com.huffingtonpost
195193542842260.000117com.outlook
196193531125420.000055com.typepad
197193500442880.000095org.pewresearch
198193456105580.000054com.cbsnews
199193427742670.000101net.windows
200193346385560.000054com.deloitte
2011933368810580.000028com.rollingstone
202193332604960.000060com.pixabay
203193332605540.000054gov.usda
204193323907200.000042google.blog
205193312865720.000052site.business
206193308025440.000055uk.co.independent
2071932516212230.000025ly.cutt
20819323700420.000906com.qq
209193236067600.000039com.apnews
210193233027450.000040ca.cbc
211193228386390.000046org.unesco
212193224344930.000061com.gitlab
213193079487040.000042com.mysql
214193074006110.000049com.pexels
215193021865860.000051gov.loc
216192976227280.000041edu.upenn
217192962627130.000042edu.wisc
218192958864850.000062com.getpocket
219192950205530.000054com.nbcnews
220192940104510.000065com.fastcompany
2211929259213810.000022com.ikea
222192912941780.000143com.tripadvisor
2231928675811710.000026org.eclipse
224192859346760.000043com.scribd
225192850007680.000039com.shutterstock
226192841786340.000047com.mozilla
2271928273812250.000025org.kernel
228192778687980.000037uk.co.blogspot
229192774807840.000038com.qz
230192722468590.000034com.ggpht
231192719883180.000087com.live
232192710809790.000030uk.co.guardian
233192689343010.000091com.w3schools
2341926539819240.000018com.lego
235192643824980.000060gov.irs
236192621488850.000034edu.jhu
237192600066720.000044com.buzzfeed
238192597086740.000044uk.co.eventbrite
239192593667960.000038com.trello
2401925845811810.000025com.technologyreview
241192561929840.000030com.playstation
2421925501410570.000028fr.lemonde
243192514585520.000054com.squareup
244192512665500.000054com.fortune
245192498145070.000059gov.nasa
246192496447510.000040me.about
247192441865960.000050com.oup
248192432562830.000095net.behance
249192417509730.000031com.foursquare
2501924036422120.000017com.hbo
251192388066350.000047fm.anchor
252192372123270.000085com.disqus
253192358809150.000033com.slate
25419234328540.000697co.g
25519232270360.000996com.baidu
256192310944560.000065com.bigcommerce
257192294301750.000146jp.co.google
258192292702490.000107com.calendly
259192292287560.000040com.vox
260192275645570.000054com.dailymotion
261192264806540.000045com.investopedia
262192255248600.000034com.ubuntu
263192251462720.000099com.bandcamp
2641922425815640.000021com.hatenablog
2651922244610870.000027co.elastic
266192214447240.000042com.newyorker
267192213608540.000035com.about
268192207624600.000064com.arcgis
269192194408140.000037com.variety
270192190247810.000038au.net.abc
271192172285510.000054com.elpais
272192156128220.000036edu.ucla
273192149428020.000037gov.congress
274192144226770.000043org.apa
275192124027400.000041com.freepik
2761921134611260.000026com.steamcommunity
277192108982500.000107gov.ca
278192098507730.000039org.pypi
279192095267190.000042com.libsyn
280192083088650.000034edu.princeton
281192079241420.000200com.opera
282192072849400.000032com.nypost
283192052968130.000037edu.umich
2841920419213390.000023com.billboard
285192040563120.000088com.typeform
286192019042800.000097com.feedburner
287192005508710.000034com.ssrn
288191997145460.000055com.tandfonline
289191979089050.000033com.podbean
290191977542240.000117page.g
291191976048270.000036org.fao
292191975388680.000034com.foxnews
293191971269640.000031com.merriam-webster
2941919624210930.000027edu.purdue
2951919033015790.000021ca.ubc
296191867727100.000042org.bitbucket
297191864181010.000349com.wix
2981918397210750.000028org.owasp
299191823722730.000099com.ibm
300191809869550.000031com.newsweek
301191782906880.000043org.semver
302191779502510.000106org.bbb
3031917037414030.000022ca.sfu
3041916991021550.000017com.discovery
3051916970614540.000022uk.co.metro
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315191567925280.000056com.snapchat
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346191190442150.000122net.sourceforge
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9421863349432770.000011com.kroger
943186322724050.000077com.constantcontact
944186319308700.000034com.emarketer
9451863087456430.000006com.dbs
9461863083844070.000008au.edu.deakin
9471863063033150.000011org.osce
9481862945829710.000012com.euractiv
9491862864247880.000007com.latercera
9501862610238810.000009com.bloombergquint
951186255809520.000031com.digitalocean
9521862510236380.000010org.ushmm
9531862488837510.000010com.lawfareblog
9541862466448770.000007ke.co.google
9551862440038350.000009com.thenationalnews
9561862437847160.000007com.kongregate
9571862424051320.000007com.apsense
9581862402013420.000023com.nvidia
959186238386170.000048gov.copyright
9601862350444370.000008com.jacobinmag
9611862339629340.000012net.dwcdn
962186226806430.000046com.accenture
9631862232045290.000008uk.ac.soas
9641862116634450.000010de.test
9651862056816610.000020com.createjs
9661862014032180.000011com.obsproject
9671861997628920.000012org.gnupg
9681861987043180.000008com.washingtonian
9691861939249080.000007uk.co.birminghammail
9701861915445480.000008io.meduza
9711861905840340.000009ru.mid
9721861888212070.000025org.golang
9731861853439300.000009org.cgiar
9741861711624110.000015co.pcdn
9751861630426130.000014com.olark
9761861556210070.000030com.gumroad
9771861365227550.000013ru.tass
9781861351048250.000007com.selfridges
9791861281437700.000009fr.capital
9801861221443910.000008za.co.mg
981186121689110.000033net.atlassian
982186120448440.000035com.redhat
9831861151817490.000019com.indiegogo
9841861143850090.000007edu.utep
9851861085617270.000020org.linuxfoundation
986186104469560.000031com.att
9871860918628900.000012org.transparency
9881860858839180.000009com.encyclopedia
98918606828720.000505com.oculus
990186067726990.000043com.psychologytoday
9911860669830910.000011com.sharefile
992186065041510.000189org.whatwg
993186063547540.000040org.poynter
9941860626833860.000011com.alchemer
995186046487070.000042co.ibb
996186044322860.000095com.caniuse
9971860440227380.000013com.springeropen
9981860438624900.000014studio.flourish
9991860413843730.000008com.googledrive
10001860401444900.000008tw.com.books

Credits

Thanks to the authors of the WebGraph framework, whose software made the computation of graph properties and ranks possible.

We hope the data will be useful for you to do any kind of research on ranking, graph analysis, link spam detection, etc. Let us know about your results via Common Crawl’s Google Group!

*Important news* for users of Common Crawl data: we are introducing CloudFront as a new way to access Common Crawl data as part of Amazon Web Services’ registry of open data

Ten years ago(!) Common Crawl joined AWS’s Open Data Sponsorships program, hosted on S3, with free access to everyone. Since then, the dataset has expanded (by petabytes!) and our community of users has seen extraordinary growth. With growth comes change, therefore…

Following are new measures to accommodate the number and volume of requests for Common Crawl data, and to ensure efficient and stable access to the data:

1. Common Crawl data is now available on CloudFront under the URL base prefixes*:

  • https://data.commoncrawl.org/ or
  • https://ds5q9oxwqwsfj.cloudfront.net/

* Data is accessible via http:// or https://.

As of Monday, April 4, 2022

2. Access to data from the Amazon cloud using the S3 API will be restricted to authenticated AWS users, and unsigned access to s3://commoncrawl/ will be disabled. See Q&A for further details.

3. To access data from outside the Amazon cloud, via HTTP(S), a new URL prefix – https://data.commoncrawl.org/ – must be used instead of https://commoncrawl.s3.amazonaws.com/.

Q & A

Q: How can I identify whether my code is using unauthenticated S3 access?
A: Authenticated access is the default, but you should verify that your code is not configured otherwise; code fragments requesting unauthenticated access could be (but are not limited to):

  • AWS CLI with the command-line option --no-sign-request:
    aws --no-sign-request s3 cp s3://commoncrawl/...
  • Python using boto3 and botocore.UNSIGNED:
    import boto3
    import botocore
    
    s3client = boto3.client('s3', config=botocore.client.Config(signature_version=botocore.UNSIGNED))
  • Hadoop or Spark (various programming languages): usage of AnonymousAWSCredentialsProvider
Q: Where can I find up-to-date documentation and examples that are consistent with these new protocols?
A: We will update our documentation and examples to read data either via HTTP(S) using the new CloudFront access, or via S3 and authenticated access. We will also update all data download links. It will take a few days until everything is updated. Thanks for your patience!
Q: Are range requests supported?
A: Yes, range requests are supported by CloudFront same as for S3, see the CloudFront docs about RangeGETs.
Q: What is the recommended access method on AWS but in a different region (not us-east-1)?
A: We recommend that you run your computing workload in the same region (us-east-1) as the Common Crawl dataset whenever possible. If you have a specific, ongoing need to run computing workloads using Common Crawl in another AWS region, the AWS Open Data team would like to hear more about your use case ([email protected]).
Q: What are typical error messages indicating that unauthenticated access is used?
A: The HTTP response status code is a 403 Forbidden. However, also a restrictive IAM policy on the user’s side could deny access to s3://commoncrawl/ using the S3 API.
Two examples for error messages related to unauthenticated access to s3://commoncrawl/:

> curl https://commoncrawl.s3.amazonaws.com/crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2022-05/warc.paths.gz
<!--?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?-->
<error><code>AccessDenied</code><message>Access Denied</message>...</error>

> aws --no-sign-request s3 cp s3://commoncrawl/crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2022-05/warc.paths.gz .
fatal error: An error occurred (403) when calling the HeadObject operation: Forbidden

January 2022 crawl archive now available

The crawl archive for January 2022 is now available! The data was crawled January 16 – 29 and contains 2.95 billion web pages or 320 TiB of uncompressed content. It includes page captures of 1.35 billion new URLs, not visited in any of our prior crawls.

Archive Location and Download

The January crawl archive is located in the commoncrawl bucket at crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2022-05/.

To assist with exploring and using the dataset, we provide gzipped files which list all segments, WARC, WAT and WET files.
By simply adding either s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line, you end up with the S3 and HTTP paths respectively.

 File List#FilesTotal Size
Compressed (TiB)
SegmentsCC-MAIN-2022-05/segment.paths.gz100
WARC filesCC-MAIN-2022-05/warc.paths.gz7200073.5
WAT filesCC-MAIN-2022-05/wat.paths.gz7200019.85
WET filesCC-MAIN-2022-05/wet.paths.gz720008.63
Robots.txt filesCC-MAIN-2022-05/robotstxt.paths.gz720000.14
Non-200 responses filesCC-MAIN-2022-05/non200responses.paths.gz720001.79
URL index filesCC-MAIN-2022-05/cc-index.paths.gz3020.22

The Common Crawl URL Index for this crawl is available at: https://index.commoncrawl.org/CC-MAIN-2022-05/. Also the columnar index has been updated to contain this crawl.

Please donate to Common Crawl if you appreciate our free datasets! We’re also seeking corporate sponsors to partner with Common Crawl for our non-profit work in open data. Please contact [email protected] for sponsorship information.

November/December 2021 crawl archive now available

The crawl archive for November/December 2021 is now available! The data was crawled Nov 26 – Dec 9 and contains 2.5 billion web pages or 280 TiB of uncompressed content. It includes page captures of 1.2 billion new URLs, not visited in any of our prior crawls.

Improvements

The column url_host_name_reversed was added to the columnar index. It holds the host name in reverse domain name notation (com.example.www) which is more efficient to query. In order to make use of the new column please use the updated table schema. On Amazon Athena you need to recreate table by running the latest table creation statement. Further details are found in the corresponding pull request.

The columnar index is now built using Spark version 3.2.0 and Parquet MR 1.12.1 – these upgrades allow us to go for further improvements next year. Let us know if you observe any incompatibilities using this index to query data from the Nov/Dec 2021 crawl.

The crawler is now based on Tika 2.1.0 for detection of MIME/content types and character sets used to encode HTML documents.

Archive Location and Download

The November/December crawl archive is located in the commoncrawl bucket at crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2021-49/.

To assist with exploring and using the dataset, we provide gzipped files which list all segments, WARC, WAT and WET files.
By simply adding either s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line, you end up with the S3 and HTTP paths respectively.

 File List#FilesTotal Size
Compressed (TiB)
SegmentsCC-MAIN-2021-49/segment.paths.gz100
WARC filesCC-MAIN-2021-49/warc.paths.gz6400068.66
WAT filesCC-MAIN-2021-49/wat.paths.gz6400016.66
WET filesCC-MAIN-2021-49/wet.paths.gz640007.18
Robots.txt filesCC-MAIN-2021-49/robotstxt.paths.gz640000.15
Non-200 responses filesCC-MAIN-2021-49/non200responses.paths.gz640002.29
URL index filesCC-MAIN-2021-49/cc-index.paths.gz3020.2

The Common Crawl URL Index for this crawl is available at: https://index.commoncrawl.org/CC-MAIN-2021-49/. Also the columnar index has been updated to contain this crawl.

Please donate to Common Crawl if you appreciate our free datasets! We’re also seeking corporate sponsors to partner with Common Crawl for our non-profit work in open data. Please contact [email protected] for sponsorship information.

October 2021 crawl archive now available

The crawl archive for October 2021 is now available! The data was crawled Oct 15 – 28 and contains 3.3 billion web pages or 360 TiB of uncompressed content. It includes page captures of 1.3 billion new URLs, not visited in any of our prior crawls.

Archive Location and Download

The October crawl archive is located in the commoncrawl bucket at crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2021-43/.

To assist with exploring and using the dataset, we provide gzipped files which list all segments, WARC, WAT and WET files.
By simply adding either s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line, you end up with the S3 and HTTP paths respectively.

 File List#FilesTotal Size
Compressed (TiB)
SegmentsCC-MAIN-2021-43/segment.paths.gz100
WARC filesCC-MAIN-2021-43/warc.paths.gz7200085.11
WAT filesCC-MAIN-2021-43/wat.paths.gz7200022.42
WET filesCC-MAIN-2021-43/wet.paths.gz720009.79
Robots.txt filesCC-MAIN-2021-43/robotstxt.paths.gz720000.15
Non-200 responses filesCC-MAIN-2021-43/non200responses.paths.gz720002.11
URL index filesCC-MAIN-2021-43/cc-index.paths.gz3020.25

The Common Crawl URL Index for this crawl is available at: https://index.commoncrawl.org/CC-MAIN-2021-43/. Also the columnar index has been updated to contain this crawl.

Please donate to Common Crawl if you appreciate our free datasets! We’re also seeking corporate sponsors to partner with Common Crawl for our non-profit work in open data. Please contact [email protected] for sponsorship information.

Host- and Domain-Level Web Graphs June, July/August and September 2021

We are pleased to announce a new release of host-level and domain-level web graphs based on the crawls of June, July/August and September 2021. Additional information about the data formats, the processing pipeline, our objectives, and credits can be found in the announcements of prior webgraph releases. You may also visit the projects cc-webgraph and cc-pyspark which include all scripts and tools required to construct the graphs. Instructions to explore the graphs in the webgraph format are given in our collection of webgraph notebooks.

Host-level graph

The graph consists of 766 million nodes and 4.95 billion edges. Both hyperlinks and HTTP redirects and link headers are used as edges to span up the graph. All types of links are included, including pure “technical” ones pointing to images, JavaScript libraries, web fonts, etc. However, only host names with a valid IANA TLD are used. Consequently, URLs with an IP address as host component are not taken into account for building the host-level graph.

There are 701 million dangling nodes (91.6%) and the largest strongly connected component contains 47.0 million (6.1%) nodes. Dangling nodes stem from

  • hosts that have not been crawled, yet are pointed to from a link on a crawled page
  • hosts without any links pointing to a different host name
  • or hosts which did only return an error page (eg. HTTP 404)

Host names in the graph are in reverse domain name notation and a leading www. is stripped: www.subdomain.example.com becomes com.example.subdomain.

You can download the graph and the ranks of all 766 million hosts from AWS S3 on the path s3://commoncrawl/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep/host/. Alternatively, you can use https://data.commoncrawl.org/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep/host/ as prefix to access the files from everywhere.

Please note that the text representation of the host-level graph is shipped in 40 gzip-compressed files listed in two path listings – one for the nodes (vertices), one for the edges (arcs). First, download the paths listing and decompress it using “gzip”. By adding the prefix s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line in the path listing you get the list of URLs to download the entire graph.

SizeFileDescription
4.50 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host-vertices.paths.gznodes ⟨id, rev host⟩, paths of 16 vertices files
20.76 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host-edges.paths.gzedges ⟨from_id, to_id⟩, paths of 24 edges files
8.43 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host.graphgraph in BVGraph format
2 kBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host.properties
9.83 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host-t.graphtranspose of the graph (outlinks inverted to inlinks)
2 kBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host-t.properties
1 kBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host.statsWebGraph statistics
11.06 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-host-ranks.txt.gzharmonic centrality and pagerank

Domain-level graph

The domain graph is built by aggregating the host graph on the level of pay-level domains (PLDs) based on the public suffix list maintained on publicsuffix.org. Version (commit) a5b046d of the public suffix list was used (commit date 2021-10-06).

The domain-level graph has 88 million nodes and 1.56 billion edges. 49% or 43 million nodes are dangling nodes, the largest strongly connected component covers 35 million or 40% of the nodes.

All files related to the domain graph are available on AWS S3 under s3://commoncrawl/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep/domain/ resp. https://data.commoncrawl.org/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep/domain/.

Download files of the Common Crawl Jun/Jul/Sep 2021 domain-level webgraph

SizeFileDescription
0.61 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain-vertices.txt.gznodes ⟨id, rev domain, num hosts⟩
6.34 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain-edges.txt.gzedges ⟨from_id, to_id⟩
3.59 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain.graphgraph in BVGraph format
2 kBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain.properties
3.44 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain-t.graphtranspose of the graph
2 kBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain-t.properties
1 kBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain.statsWebGraph statistics
1.89 GBcc-main-2021-jun-jul-sep-domain-ranks.txt.gzharmonic centrality and pagerank

Below you’ll find the top 1000 domains ranked by Harmonic Centrality or PageRank. The full list of all 88 million domain ranks is available for download.

Top 1000 domains ranked by harmonic centrality (Jun/Jul/Sep 2021)

harmonic
centrality
rank
hc valuepage rankpage rank
value
reversed domain name
13163452410.018526com.googleapis
23059044830.013879com.facebook
32934410220.015082com.google
42657920850.007506org.w
52649088640.008344com.twitter
62619450460.007270com.youtube
72559836480.006802com.instagram
82480861870.006829com.googletagmanager
92431433490.004946org.gmpg
1023501518140.003442com.linkedin
1123191984110.003661com.gstatic
1222552330100.004093com.cloudflare
1322306348170.001939com.gravatar
1422254410120.003556org.wordpress
1522159662220.001575com.pinterest
1621706482230.001396org.wikipedia
1721593592160.001952com.apple
1821537622370.001024com.wordpress
1921459498270.001176com.vimeo
2021360146410.000898be.youtu
2121289640150.002252com.bootstrapcdn
2221211768200.001717com.jquery
2321069122280.001166com.microsoft
2421014760540.000699com.blogspot
2520975968460.000793com.amazon
2620916000450.000798gl.goo
2720909476500.000720com.wp
2820878568620.000580ly.bit
2920832704350.001053com.google-analytics
3020815940330.001068com.amazonaws
3120731242770.000417com.tumblr
3220705584420.000841org.mozilla
3320703870310.001080net.cloudfront
3420700046180.001797com.adobe
3520687574490.000720eu.europa
3620682862190.001772com.github
3720663412340.001054net.jsdelivr
3820641588290.001134com.wixstatic
3920534372750.000442com.googleusercontent
4020518204210.001630com.fontawesome
4120499484960.000366com.yahoo
4220489920510.000711com.paypal
4320470068570.000645co.t
4420460526470.000784com.whatsapp
4520453542530.000704com.flickr
46204296101060.000315com.reddit
4720405542720.000449com.medium
4820396096380.000956com.googlesyndication
4920388958480.000748io.github
50203645841250.000241com.nytimes
5120363658590.000616org.w3
5220350454980.000358com.weebly
5320330952970.000363org.creativecommons
5420324280650.000510com.shopify
55203156241100.000281com.soundcloud
5620308274850.000402me.wp
5720300136600.000610org.schema
5820300004320.001072ru.yandex
59202728741320.000215com.forbes
6020266896640.000527com.vk
61202166401140.000268com.spotify
62202148181750.000146com.cnn
6320172836520.000708net.doubleclick
6420156654560.000653com.addthis
65201536421900.000132uk.co.bbc
66201518822300.000113com.wsj
67201498221350.000208gov.nih
6820146194400.000924com.baidu
69201449521610.000166com.theguardian
70201271721510.000179int.who
71201211342400.000108com.bloomberg
72201152701300.000217org.archive
73201115681630.000163com.giphy
7420107092940.000388com.list-manage
75201008301920.000130org.wikimedia
7620095176550.000682com.macromedia
77200918062290.000113com.oracle
78200815721450.000193com.imdb
79200745801870.000134com.businessinsider
80200669122970.000091edu.mit
81200664363000.000090edu.stanford
82200613141150.000267com.mailchimp
8320059906440.000800net.facebook
84200580501400.000204us.zoom
85200566824260.000065com.googleblog
86200532101710.000153com.unsplash
87200470202840.000095com.reuters
88200437221850.000137com.imgur
89200357541420.000199com.wixsite
90200253001910.000131com.stackoverflow
91200221001280.000223com.weibo
92200165601620.000163com.issuu
93200160264230.000065gov.nasa
9420014282360.001043net.fbcdn
95200139102730.000098com.android
96200127781190.000259me.t
97200123661690.000160org.ietf
98200045301390.000206com.ytimg
99200011821480.000183org.apache
100199994643180.000086com.theverge
101199930263250.000084com.slack
102199928502580.000103edu.harvard
103199898702240.000116com.washingtonpost
104199883022680.000099com.bbc
105199866424600.000060edu.cornell
106199847121550.000174com.ft
107199798561170.000261com.npmjs
108199787444160.000066com.ted
109199627384240.000065com.myspace
110199573223520.000078com.wired
111199562965260.000052com.livejournal
112199454843550.000078com.appspot
113199442742630.000101org.un
114199434582150.000119org.gnu
115199331123900.000070com.goodreads
11619932600690.000476com.godaddy
117199315223870.000071org.hbr
118199174403090.000087org.npr
119199166123220.000085com.prnewswire
120199116283320.000083net.researchgate
121199101223070.000088com.githubusercontent
12219909276240.001390io.polyfill
123199082762860.000095com.wiley
124199059602470.000106com.tiktok
125198949901930.000130com.blogger
12619892346710.000466com.unpkg
127198849781020.000322de.google
128198695564320.000064com.gmail
129198692365650.000049com.vice
130198684066270.000045org.chromium
131198671461460.000186gle.forms
132198669161130.000269com.youtube-nocookie
133198668341790.000142org.ampproject
134198566083540.000078com.time
135198562726680.000043edu.upenn
136198560403700.000074com.example
137198548186330.000045com.economist
138198508847270.000040com.evernote
139198424345000.000055com.steampowered
140198413806920.000042google.blog
141198413544620.000060com.theatlantic
142198400365860.000047org.weforum
143198375966280.000045com.deviantart
144198370722390.000109uk.co.google
145198334703570.000077org.arxiv
146198334023950.000070com.scribd
147198318824070.000067uk.co.telegraph
148198298783680.000074com.huffingtonpost
149198298766420.000045com.mysql
150198218005550.000050org.worldbank
151198181002420.000107com.sciencedirect
152198166763470.000080com.nature
153198149922280.000113com.twimg
154198123361200.000259com.statcounter
155198100982460.000106org.acm
156198052145540.000050org.ieee
157197996863810.000071com.fastcompany
158197968922550.000104org.python
159197949067010.000041com.apnews
160197908204310.000064com.meetup
161197902767380.000040com.qz
162197898585810.000047com.globenewswire
163197884163650.000074com.docker
164197884024440.000062com.pixabay
165197880384530.000061uk.co.dailymail
166197844423210.000085com.springer
167197835522510.000105com.bandcamp
168197792882560.000103net.behance
169197780763610.000075com.gitlab
170197689486030.000046com.git-scm
171197642245400.000051io.readthedocs
172197639827150.000041com.engadget
173197630346470.000044com.trello
174197611401830.000138com.bing
175197581203460.000080com.usatoday
176197573262200.000117com.squarespace
177197524281580.000169com.yelp
178197478843530.000078com.dribbble
179197477564170.000066com.digg
180197475321430.000199com.dropbox
181197448182760.000097com.ibm
182197340924640.000060uk.co.independent
183197333103980.000069com.w3schools
184197238005440.000051ee.linktr
185197233346740.000043uk.co.blogspot
186197232004120.000067com.staticflickr
187197212285510.000050com.pexels
188197212241440.000194gov.cdc
189197188025390.000051org.pbs
190197183887750.000038com.stackexchange
191197182227030.000041org.cambridge
1921971735211030.000029org.eclipse
19319716696430.000819com.fb
194197125166780.000042edu.columbia
195197103081000.000351com.wix
196197062567300.000040edu.washington
197197056122900.000094com.tinyurl
198197051263670.000074com.sagepub
199197042586730.000043me.about
200196990442190.000117net.slideshare
201196948186530.000044org.sciencemag
202196890942940.000091org.pewresearch
203196857706010.000046com.withgoogle
204196849564580.000061com.herokuapp
205196751884400.000063com.quora
206196730701230.000246com.sharethis
20719672408390.000941com.qq
208196719821760.000145org.doi
209196700884380.000063co.ibb
210196676746140.000046com.newyorker
2111966472411830.000027com.nike
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7451894235823640.000016net.noscript
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7731892501212960.000025com.merriam-webster
774189244004250.000065com.proofpoint
7751892330231960.000011com.alchemer
7761892268036840.000010com.arfadia
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7791892130222150.000018net.leadpages
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7821891983630540.000012io.crates
7831891932025170.000015com.lego
784189191505030.000055com.wufoo
7851891547827420.000014io.redis
7861891495622890.000017uk.co.metro
7871891401641610.000009uk.co.theweek
7881891393022040.000018gd.is
7891891364041960.000009io.coda
790189134821960.000128com.hackerone
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7931891139031970.000011com.klokantech
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7961890906418320.000020de.hessen
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7991890625443160.000008com.tupalo
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8011890400411480.000028net.atlassian
8021890344242340.000009net.ccm
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8041890312819560.000019org.khanacademy
8051890289640720.000009net.iwpr
806189024183240.000084eu.youronlinechoices
8071890231838900.000009uk.ac.mmu
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8091890167411460.000028com.playstation
8101890085442680.000009uk.ac.ceh
8111890023610600.000030com.akamai
8121889775428510.000013com.hindustantimes
813188966949790.000033gov.fcc
814188963689900.000032com.gumroad
8151889612843830.000008et.com.google
8161889465239520.000009com.theoutline
8171889458643480.000008org.cgsociety
8181889250240930.000009edu.mtsu
8191889244626360.000014com.html5rocks
8201889222245780.000008com.blockchair
8211889157236030.000010org.spie
8221889127812080.000026at.gv.bka
8231889081437680.000010uk.co.lrb
824188881964100.000067com.heroku
825188880628150.000036edu.wisc
8261888793810090.000031com.yoast
8271888784238070.000010za.co.dailymaverick
8281888561418640.000019org.json
8291888519429690.000012org.thinkprogress
830188849287000.000041com.feedly
8311888356242780.000009com.ingress
8321888301237060.000010google.design
8331888295246660.000008com.bmwblog
8341888152638620.000009com.thepetitionsite
8351888131239930.000009in.bbc
8361888086022370.000017com.w3techs
8371888053232570.000011org.carbonbrief
838188804282720.000098jp.ne.hatena
8391888012426140.000014ru.mk
8401888006419240.000019edu.hbs
841188794869350.000034com.pingdom
8421887878011990.000026com.ycombinator
8431887642240650.000009com.gifer
8441887605037090.000010uk.org.amnesty
8451887570039610.000009com.africanews
8461887547845350.000008com.the-dots
847188753509920.000032so.notion
8481886994433750.000011org.commondreams
8491886925042360.000009com.flutterwave
8501886830237310.000010org.refworld
8511886644632850.000011uk.gov.charitycommission
8521886624443960.000008com.newsru
8531886581035070.000010uk.org.oxfam
8541886578642060.000009uk.org.somersethouse
8551886459024840.000015in.scroll
8561886451414100.000023com.intuit
8571886442842570.000009uk.co.harpercollins
858188639423310.000084jp.ameblo
8591886362233700.000011ke.co.nation
8601886358010910.000029com.insurancejournal
8611886336033940.000011com.cbsistatic
8621886330226970.000014com.spreaker
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8641886182422280.000017com.firefox
8651886122246880.000008co.iglobal
8661886096047140.000008io.devdocs
8671886024627050.000014com.verywellhealth
868188600205380.000051com.booking
869188598385350.000051com.gofundme
8701885979812340.000026com.indiegogo
8711885932847810.000008com.kdpcommunity
8721885840423440.000016build.bazel
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874188574525450.000051com.snapchat
87518856948930.000390com.trustpilot
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8771885616018130.000020com.pcworld
8781885527841490.000009com.hybris
8791885498249370.000008com.jetphotos
880188540147110.000041com.yandex
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8821885390213600.000024org.golang
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8841885359626730.000014com.flipboard
8851885298828480.000013com.discovery
8861885182239040.000009at.kleinezeitung
887188514223020.000090de.amazon
888188505961110.000276me.wa
889188505584290.000064com.skype
8901885029411340.000028com.scientificamerican
8911884864625160.000015org.raspberrypi
8921884777044260.000008com.armorgames
8931884759617580.000020com.fiverr
894188471107210.000040org.iso
8951884646427070.000014com.codecademy
8961884394837270.000010net.middleeasteye
8971884287630570.000012org.man7
8981884107445310.000008com.e-estonia
8991884047418270.000020fr.blogspot
9001884028210470.000030com.huffpost
9011883994447250.000008net.gebco
9021883982247780.000008com.slite
9031883977617990.000020com.visa
904188392587220.000040com.newrelic
9051883721441630.000009com.cnsnews
906188360048070.000037br.com.uol
9071883449433880.000011com.lithub
9081883403639420.000009net.bostonreview
9091883205210220.000031au.com.google
9101883161629580.000012com.hackernoon
9111883149028020.000013com.unity
912188312302490.000106net.2mdn
9131883109012240.000026gov.usgs
914188307144000.000068com.semrush
9151882973238550.000009com.indexmundi
916188296425160.000053com.dailymotion
917188288726860.000042com.accenture
918188273146650.000043org.poynter
9191882657420860.000018org.aclu
9201882633639740.000009org.jython
9211882579211520.000027com.searchengineland
9221882521240030.000009com.inthesetimes
9231882491017530.000020com.over-blog
924188244065180.000053nl.google
9251882412833240.000011de.bfarm
9261882354411260.000028com.techtarget
9271882310644170.000008za.co.ewn
9281882269442510.000009uk.co.bristolpost
9291882210047990.000008community.studiopress
930188218008460.000036gov.justice
9311882068217070.000021com.technologyreview
9321882067239230.000009com.recyclenow
9331881975042930.000009lb.com.dailystar
934188193283840.000071com.bitly
9351881908841010.000009org.occrp
9361881905837860.000010com.theyworkforyou
9371881879840220.000009org.ifaw
938188186481680.000161com.jimstatic
939188182429660.000033sh.brew
9401881806643430.000008com.yahoosites
9411881760423210.000016com.fool
9421881736022810.000017com.pastebin
9431881692836070.000010com.gr-assets
9441881524238720.000009com.climatechangenews
9451881388647710.000008in.ac.iith
946188135867020.000041org.plos
9471881281240680.000009com.chamberofcommerce
9481881260644380.000008us.tuugo
9491881234411420.000028com.buzzsprout
9501881211011220.000028com.timeanddate
951188114187600.000038com.discordapp
9521881108211530.000027com.sitepoint
9531880979845790.000008com.desmogblog
954188096385960.000047com.aliexpress
9551880890625220.000015com.sendgrid
9561880797241280.000009uk.ac.rcplondon
9571880793420040.000018com.ssllabs
9581880773839550.000009org.soilassociation
9591880659213590.000024com.xkcd
960188061925360.000051gov.hhs
9611880558835840.000010com.hearstapps
9621880515012890.000025com.searchenginejournal
963188044584420.000062me.fb
9641880413247110.000008net.sott
9651880362845940.000008com.gpsvisualizer
966188035482130.000120com.discord
9671880275818200.000020org.mitre
9681880191647440.000008com.natureindex
9691880137434990.000010uk.org.rspca
9701880132240870.000009org.c2es
9711880129638240.000010com.qgiv
9721880128837990.000010ug.co.monitor
9731880049245960.000008com.lacartes
974188003841780.000142com.xing
9751879996639730.000009com.svbtle
9761879894438750.000009uk.org.savethechildren
9771879893246160.000008com.slurl
9781879833224660.000015com.sophos
9791879795621980.000018com.twilio
9801879700846620.000008za.co.moneyweb
9811879628842650.000009com.menafn
9821879604838210.000010org.usip
9831879557245840.000008com.power-technology
9841879536846010.000008org.heartland
985187948346750.000042com.usnews
9861879420025570.000015org.usenix
9871879396228990.000013net.privacypolicytemplate
9881879390040810.000009org.theecologist
9891879297041320.000009org.neweconomics
9901879268012900.000025com.netlify
9911879195441890.000009com.businessgreen
9921879075246110.000008org.monthlyreview
9931879045023690.000016uk.ac.ed
9941879019422450.000017ch.ethz
995187899742670.000099com.nielsen
9961878930226740.000014ca.uwaterloo
9971878881042840.000009org.unep-wcmc
9981878770240420.000009org.ramsar
9991878695243840.000008com.googlelabs
10001878680846340.000008org.berkeleyearth

Credits

Thanks to the authors of the WebGraph framework, whose software made the computation of graph properties and ranks possible.

We hope the data will be useful for you to do any kind of research on ranking, graph analysis, link spam detection, etc. Let us know about your results via Common Crawl’s Google Group!

September 2021 crawl archive now available

The crawl archive for September 2021 is now available! The data was crawled Sept 16 – 29 and contains 2.95 billion web pages or 310 TiB of uncompressed content. It includes page captures of 1.3 billion new URLs, not visited in any of our prior crawls.

Archive Location and Download

The September crawl archive is located in the commoncrawl bucket at crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2021-39/.

To assist with exploring and using the dataset, we provide gzipped files which list all segments, WARC, WAT and WET files.
By simply adding either s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line, you end up with the S3 and HTTP paths respectively.

 File List#FilesTotal Size
Compressed (TiB)
SegmentsCC-MAIN-2021-39/segment.paths.gz100
WARC filesCC-MAIN-2021-39/warc.paths.gz7200072.16
WAT filesCC-MAIN-2021-39/wat.paths.gz7200019.81
WET filesCC-MAIN-2021-39/wet.paths.gz720008.7
Robots.txt filesCC-MAIN-2021-39/robotstxt.paths.gz720000.15
Non-200 responses filesCC-MAIN-2021-39/non200responses.paths.gz720002.19
URL index filesCC-MAIN-2021-39/cc-index.paths.gz3020.22

The Common Crawl URL Index for this crawl is available at: https://index.commoncrawl.org/CC-MAIN-2021-39/. Also the columnar index has been updated to contain this crawl.

Please donate to Common Crawl if you appreciate our free datasets! We’re also seeking corporate sponsors to partner with Common Crawl for our non-profit work in open data. Please contact [email protected] for sponsorship information.

July/August 2021 crawl archive now available

The crawl archive for July/August 2021 is now available! The data was crawled July 23 – August 6 and contains 3.15 billion web pages or 360 TiB of uncompressed content. It includes page captures of 1 billion new URLs, not visited in any of our prior crawls.

Improvements

Archiving of robots.txt files was improved. Robots.txt files are not archived if

  • the robots.txt of the target host does not allow it (in case of a HTTP redirect) or
  • URL filters exclude the entire site, eg. if it’s known ahead that a site does not allow crawling or
  • the MIME type is not applicable for robots.txt files (eg. HTML, PDF)

More details are found in the corresponding issue report. The change reduces the size of the robots.txt subset (since August 2016) by removing content which should not contained in this dataset.

Archive Location and Download

The July/August crawl archive is located in the commoncrawl bucket at crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2021-31/.

To assist with exploring and using the dataset, we provide gzipped files which list all segments, WARC, WAT and WET files.
By simply adding either s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line, you end up with the S3 and HTTP paths respectively.

 File List#FilesTotal Size
Compressed (TiB)
SegmentsCC-MAIN-2021-31/segment.paths.gz100
WARC filesCC-MAIN-2021-31/warc.paths.gz7200075.34
WAT filesCC-MAIN-2021-31/wat.paths.gz7200021.67
WET filesCC-MAIN-2021-31/wet.paths.gz720009.43
Robots.txt filesCC-MAIN-2021-31/robotstxt.paths.gz720000.14
Non-200 responses filesCC-MAIN-2021-31/non200responses.paths.gz720001.98
URL index filesCC-MAIN-2021-31/cc-index.paths.gz3020.23

The Common Crawl URL Index for this crawl is available at: https://index.commoncrawl.org/CC-MAIN-2021-31/. Also the columnar index has been updated to contain this crawl.

Please donate to Common Crawl if you appreciate our free datasets! We’re also seeking corporate sponsors to partner with Common Crawl for our non-profit work in open data. Please contact [email protected] for sponsorship information.

June 2021 crawl archive now available

The crawl archive for June 2021 is now available! The data was crawled June 12 – 25 and contains 2.45 billion web pages or 260 TiB of uncompressed content. It includes page captures of 1.3 billion new URLs, not visited in any of our prior crawls.

Archive Location and Download

The June crawl archive is located in the commoncrawl bucket at crawl-data/CC-MAIN-2021-25/.

To assist with exploring and using the dataset, we provide gzipped files which list all segments, WARC, WAT and WET files.
By simply adding either s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line, you end up with the S3 and HTTP paths respectively.

 File List#FilesTotal Size
Compressed (TiB)
SegmentsCC-MAIN-2021-25/segment.paths.gz100
WARC filesCC-MAIN-2021-25/warc.paths.gz6400057.9
WAT filesCC-MAIN-2021-25/wat.paths.gz6400016.54
WET filesCC-MAIN-2021-25/wet.paths.gz640007.24
Robots.txt filesCC-MAIN-2021-25/robotstxt.paths.gz640000.16
Non-200 responses filesCC-MAIN-2021-25/non200responses.paths.gz640001.76
URL index filesCC-MAIN-2021-25/cc-index.paths.gz3020.19

The Common Crawl URL Index for this crawl is available at: https://index.commoncrawl.org/CC-MAIN-2021-25/. Also the columnar index has been updated to contain this crawl.

Please donate to Common Crawl if you appreciate our free datasets! We’re also seeking corporate sponsors to partner with Common Crawl for our non-profit work in open data. Please contact [email protected] for sponsorship information.

Host- and Domain-Level Web Graphs February/March, April and May 2021

We are pleased to announce a new release of host-level and domain-level web graphs based on the crawls of February/March, April and May 2021. Additional information about the data formats, the processing pipeline, our objectives, and credits can be found in the announcements of prior webgraph releases. You may also visit the projects cc-webgraph and cc-pyspark which include all scripts and tools required to construct the graphs. Instructions to explore the graphs in the webgraph format are given in our collection of webgraph notebooks.

What’s new?

The host-level graph now includes all hosts visited by the crawler even if there is no link pointing to the host and all visited URLs of a host failed (HTTP 404 and other error codes) or the host’s robots.txt does not allow crawling. Note that the links leading to these hosts may have been found in a prior crawl, not in one of the 3 crawls used to build this web graph.

Host-level graph

The graph consists of 515 million nodes and 2.82 billion edges. Both hyperlinks and HTTP redirects and link headers are used as edges to span up the graph. All types of links are included, including pure “technical” ones pointing to images, JavaScript libraries, web fonts, etc. However, only host names with a valid IANA TLD are used. Consequently, URLs with an IP address as host component are not taken into account for building the host-level graph.

There are 452 million dangling nodes (87.9%) and the largest strongly connected component contains 45.2 million (8.8%) nodes. Dangling nodes stem from

  • hosts that have not been crawled, yet are pointed to from a link on a crawled page
  • hosts without any links pointing to a different host name
  • or hosts which did only return an error page (eg. HTTP 404)

Host names in the graph are in reverse domain name notation and a leading www. is stripped: www.subdomain.example.com becomes com.example.subdomain.

You can download the graph and the ranks of all 515 million hosts from AWS S3 on the path s3://commoncrawl/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-feb-apr-may/host/. Alternatively, you can use https://data.commoncrawl.org/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-feb-apr-may/host/ as prefix to access the files from everywhere.

Please note that the text representation of the host-level graph is shipped in 72 gzip-compressed files listed in two path listings – one for the nodes (vertices), one for the edges (arcs). First, download the paths listing and decompress it using “gzip”. By adding the prefix s3://commoncrawl/ or https://data.commoncrawl.org/ to each line in the path listing you get the list of URLs to download the entire graph.

Download files of the Common Crawl Feb/Apr/May 2021 host-level webgraph

SizeFileDescription
3.31 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host-vertices.paths.gznodes ⟨id, rev host⟩, paths of 24 vertices files
12.94 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host-edges.paths.gzedges ⟨from_id, to_id⟩, paths of 48 edges files
5.57 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host.graphgraph in BVGraph format
2 kBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host.properties
6.22 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host-t.graphtranspose of the graph (outlinks inverted to inlinks)
2 kBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host-t.properties
1 kBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host.statsWebGraph statistics
7.69 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-host-ranks.txt.gzharmonic centrality and pagerank

Domain-level graph

The domain graph is built by aggregating the host graph on the level of pay-level domains (PLDs) based on the public suffix list maintained on publicsuffix.org.

The domain-level graph has 88 million nodes and 1.58 billion edges. 50% or 44 million nodes are dangling nodes, the largest strongly connected component covers 34 million or 39% of the nodes.

All files related to the domain graph are available on AWS S3 under s3://commoncrawl/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-feb-apr-may/domain/ resp. https://data.commoncrawl.org/projects/hyperlinkgraph/cc-main-2021-feb-apr-may/domain/.

Download files of the Common Crawl Feb/Apr/May 2021 domain-level webgraph

SizeFileDescription
0.61 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain-vertices.txt.gznodes ⟨id, rev domain, num hosts⟩
6.37 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain-edges.txt.gzedges ⟨from_id, to_id⟩
3.58 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain.graphgraph in BVGraph format
2 kBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain.properties
3.42 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain-t.graphtranspose of the graph
2 kBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain-t.properties
1 kBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain.statsWebGraph statistics
1.89 GBcc-main-2021-feb-apr-may-domain-ranks.txt.gzharmonic centrality and pagerank

Below you’ll find the top 1000 domains ranked by Harmonic Centrality or PageRank. The full list of all 88 million domain ranks is available for download.

Top 1000 domains ranked by harmonic centrality (Feb/Apr/May 2021)

harmonic
centrality
rank
hc valuepage rankpage rank
value
reversed domain name
13192093410.017627com.googleapis
23103278430.013762com.facebook
32968130420.013832com.google
42710169240.007844com.twitter
52695466050.007519org.w
62688662470.006967com.youtube
72551585080.005718com.instagram
82503149060.007143com.googletagmanager
92439611690.005506org.gmpg
1023807122120.003347com.linkedin
1122970992130.003048com.gstatic
1222854052100.003951com.cloudflare
1322698594190.001914com.gravatar
1422504168140.002908org.wordpress
1522434542220.001564com.pinterest
1622100870250.001270org.wikipedia
1721950578170.002031com.wordpress
1821940826180.001958com.apple
1921766696150.002258com.bootstrapcdn
2021762964300.001174com.vimeo
2121722198380.000914be.youtu
2221556142210.001842com.jquery
2321478118290.001182com.microsoft
2421432212530.000703com.blogspot
2521354260350.001025com.amazonaws
2621337432440.000765com.amazon
2721320702430.000789gl.goo
2821170722620.000600ly.bit
2921149628990.000409com.tumblr
3021148242500.000739com.wp
3121136818450.000758org.mozilla
3221110018570.000689eu.europa
3321104262200.001894com.adobe
3421048760160.002200com.github
3521040284340.001026com.google-analytics
3621027350360.001015net.jsdelivr
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Credits

Thanks to the authors of the WebGraph framework, whose software made the computation of graph properties and ranks possible.

We hope the data will be useful for you to do any kind of research on ranking, graph analysis, link spam detection, etc. Let us know about your results via Common Crawl’s Google Group!